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"Recording Industry vs. The People"

By Ray Beckerman

Blog

How the RIAA Litigation Process Works

Index of Litigation Documents

Directory of Lawyers Defending Against RIAA Lawsuits

Link to contribute to legal defense of consumers being sued by RIAA

Table of Cases

Ray Beckerman is a New York City-based attorney active in representing defendants in the RIAA's lawsuit campaign against consumers. He is a partner with Vandenberg & Feliu, LLP, and a member of the Electronic Frontier Foundation. Most of the litigation documents published here are available to the public online at Internet Law and Regulation, a publication of legal publishers Pike & Fischer.

Recent Blog Posts

Faucet dripping and broken cistern: does the landlord or tenant pay?

Dripping faucets, cast light bulbs or strips of blinds and always the same dispute between owner and tenant. Who is the payment of certain bills in the rental of a home? They are quicksand open to a multitude of interpretations that lead lawyers, consumer associations and even the judges themselves. “It is impossible to give a universal response and we must see each case in particular to know who corresponds to pay,” says Pelayo of Salvador Morell, a lawyer at the firm ofSalvador Real Estate Lawyers.

As a general framework, and according to the Law on Urban Leases (LAU), the lessor is obliged to carry out, without the right to raise the rent, all repairs that are necessary to preserve the dwelling in the conditions of habitability to serve the Agreed use, except when the deterioration of which repair is imputable to the lessee. For example, major fixes or replacement by obsolescence of appliances and furniture run on their own. However, the thing changes if the washer jam is hijacked by a tenant negligence. For this reason, the technician’s report is the key where the cause of the break or breakdown is indicated, remember from Provivienda.

For its part, the lessee has the obligation to maintain the house as if it were own by carrying out the necessary small repairs that require the wear and tear of the ordinary use of the house. “The obligation under Article 21.4 LAU could be summarized as follows: Take care of the house as if it were yours and do not expect the landlord to send you a handyman for any small thing,” De Salvador says.

SMALL REPAIRS . What is a small repair? This is the source of all disputes between landlords and tenants. Many end up in court. “If a light bulb is blown, a door knob falls or a mirror breaks, the tenant must take charge, according to the case law, if the cost of repair is less than 150 euros,” they say in Reparalia. The Provincial Court of Murcia in a 2001 ruling stated: we are facing a small repair when “the invoice is approximately half the current cost of a new washing machine.”

Thus, Touchless faucets, dripping cisterns and radiators, blinds, door fittings, lock changes, the arrangement of heel boards, the repair of the sink siphon or a bed frame are minor repairs and are, therefore, By the tenant. Now, there are those who consider the time factor to determine responsibility. “If the tenant has just entered it is for the landlord to deliver the thing in state of use,” they say in Provivienda.

But as it is not always so, and to avoid paying the tank to the month of rent, it is advisable to thoroughly review the floor. Moreover, in the drafting of contracts, it is increasingly common to distinguish clearly between small repairs by the lessee and repairs to serve the agreed use by the lessor. To avoid abuses it is important to remember that if the contract includes agreements that modify what is specified by law to the detriment of the tenant will be considered null.

It is clear that everything else – the walls, the floor, the roof, the pipes and all the elements that are there static – are part of the structure and are repairs at the lessor’s expense.

BOILER . The boiler is one of those issues that generate more controversy. According to the lawyer of the firm of Real Estate Lawyers, “the replacement or major repair will correspond to the lessor – provided there is no fault of the lessee – but not when it can be framed within the concept of small repair. And he continues: “Most of the time you pay with the gas supply contract the periodic reviews of the boiler. Who is it? In my opinion, the tenant, because it comes within the maintenance of the thing and also fits with the concept Of small repair “. It sustains its argument with a sentence of 2011 dictated by the Audiencia Provincial of Barcelona,

Other judges have followed different criteria. In a 2006 ruling the magistrate says that the repair of the boiler pump, which amounted to 60% of the amount of a monthly rent, can not be qualified as a small repair. “It corresponds to one of the repairs that must be faced by the landlord to keep the property leased in suitable conditions of habitability, as it is an essential service for a house in Madrid during the coldest months of the year.

When the motive is a poor functioning of the boiler since the beginning of the contract, the responsible also is the landlord. And more if you can demonstrate the assiduous presence of the technical service.

PLUMBING . Examples of small repairs, such as the repair of a toilet bowl or a faucet, are those of the tenant, but not the humidities and tiles that move – they are considered to be necessary repairs At the owner’s expense.

“If a pipe jam is due to the fact that certain materials have been flushed to the toilet, the repair is paid by the tenant. If it is due to external factors (poor state of the pipes or general facilities of the house or building) then it is done Charge the landlord, “point from Reparalia.

ELECTRICAL APPLIANCES . These are the great repairs that must be faced by the owner. According to Reparalia data, “4% of incidences in the household registered annually are due to complications with this type of apparatus.” Although, again, you have to take care of the reason why the refrigerator or the dishwasher have been damaged. If an appliance breaks due to the tenant having thrown a product that has interfered in its good functioning, it would have to bear the cost. If that same appliance is broken because its useful life has expired, then the landlord must replace it.

ELECTRICITY. Problems with the electrical installation fall within the responsibilities of the owner of the house, except for small repairs, such as changing a plug that costs about 50 euros.

What the tenant can not do is ask the landlord for a complete change of the electrical installation in case he wants to increase the contracted power to service new elements that he installs, says lawyer De Salvador. A different question is whether the power is not enough to serve the elements that the lessor has installed, since the housing “would not serve the agreed use.”

WHAT YOU NEVER MUST DO . Even if the owner disregards his obligation to replace or repair an appliance, you should never stop paying the rent as a form of pressure because it could resolve the contract and initiate eviction. “In the absence of a landlord’s case, he must be required to make a reasonable period of time (burofax preferable) to repair it, giving him a period of time, and if he does not pay, repair the tenant and go to verbal claim for a claim 2000 euros) to recover, “explained in Provivienda.

The world of cinema faces copyright disputes

Hollywood’s big productions attract complaints as magnets. The complaints receive in the mail the legal departments of the big film producers seek compensation or economic agreements for infringing any protected right. At other times, as usually happens in biopics – biographical films – simply seeks to protect the public image of a known character.

The last case known has as protagonists the Spanish director Nacho Vigalondo, his new film Colossal and the producer Voltage Pictures. The plaintiff, the Japanese company Toho, claims that the tape advertises and sells “an unabashedly” an unauthorized film version of Godzilla and infringes on the property rights of this character, which he owns.

For Pablo Hernández, responsible for the area of ​​media and entertainment of the firm Elzaburu, this situation is quite surprising. “Producers take great care in the licensing of the rights they need, thus protecting themselves from all problems arising from lack of authorizations, as in this case.” The lawyer understands perfectly the performance of the Japanese producer and states that if the rights holder has indications that a film is attempting against one of them, “it is normal to warn you as soon as possible, in order to avoid being understood That there is some kind of tolerance or that the holder does not consider that it is an infringing use “.

No film

The most surprising thing about this issue is that Vigalondo has not yet started filming Colossal and Toho’s complaint is based exclusively on the press dossier he distributed among different investors at the last Cannes Film Festival to get funding. This means that Vigalondo has used the image of the famous Japanese monster in his presentation notes, but could dispense with his services in the film.

For Hernández, this aspect, however, does not seem to remove Toho’s legal basis for filing a complaint. “If the character of Godzilla did not finally appear in the film, the Japanese producer would not appeal to a case of copyright infringement, but it could denounce the filmmaker for unfair competition or infringement of trademark rights.”

Hernandez points out that the most common cases of complaints are centered on intellectual property issues, as has happened with the film about the character of Sherlock Holmes , Mr. Holmes , in which the heirs of Arthur Conan Doyle have denounced the producer of the Tape for not paying royalties on the works on which the film is based.

However, the lawyer said that they usually do not have to do with the main contents of the film – as in the case of Vigalondo – for which the authorization is obtained and the operating licenses are paid. “I would say that the most common cases of license failures have to do with non-main content, where there may be certain oversights. In this case, we would be talking about pieces of music, designs, drawings or accessories”, explains the lawyer.

Iron Man and biopics

Marvel and Disney, producers of the blockbuster Iron Man who are currently preparing their fourth installment, are facing a lawsuit filed by cartoonists Ben and Ray Lai for the design of the armor of the eccentric superhero. The Lai brothers allege in their complaint filed in Massachusetts federal court that the armor used by Iron Man is a clear copy of the designs developed for the character Radix created by the Lai for a series of comics published by Horizon Comics Productions. The brothers have applied for a million dollar damages and damages to the producers of this franchise, Marvel and Disney, as well as a percentage of the box office winnings. The court has not yet ruled on the case.

Another issue aside are biographical films – biopics – that present other types of legal problems. In this case, most of the putlocker films delay their premieres by the intervention of the heirs of the protagonists of the film. “If the person has died, the jurisprudence indicates that the rights of the personality (voice, image, intimacy and honor) do not survive. However, the Constitutional, in the Paquirri case , also maintained that there was a family intimacy, and what It is said in a film about a deceased can expand in such a way that affects the family environment of that person, which means that biopics productions must take these circumstances very carefully to avoid incurring unnecessary risks.

As for the efforts that relatives can make to hide dark and ambiguous events about the protagonist of the film, Hernández appeals to the formula of the exceptio veritatis . “If there is truthful information, it is publishable even if it damages the right to honor.” This primacy, however, does not operate in the case of the right to privacy where the public interest is not recognized to know this data of the person. It would have to study in each case the personality rights that are affected in order to decide if it would be applicable, “Hernández concludes.

Abuse of a dog for recording a movie

PETA (People for the Ethical Treatment of Animals) called to boycott the film The reason to be with you , after the portal TMZ revealed a video in which a German Shepherd dog is forced to enter a swimming pool with current, to Despite their obvious resistance and fear.

PETA wishes that through this boycott to the tape that is released at the end of January, sends a clear message:

“Dogs and other animals must be treated humanely, not as movie accessories.”

And it is that the scene that dates from 2015, but which was just released, brings again to the table the issue of animal abuse in the film industry.

AHA (American Humane Association), who are vigilant about animal safety, has already opened an investigation and for the moment suspended the representative who was present in the questioned recording.

“When the dog showed signs of resisting jumping into the water, the scene had to stop,” the agency said in a statement issued by People magazine.

The film stars Dennis Quaid (Far from Paradise) and Britt Robertson (Tomorrowland: Tomorrowland) tells the story of a dog who reincarnates in different medium sized dog breeds until he meets his former owner again.

Lasse Hallstrom, director of the film, used his Twitter account to express himself on the subject, and said he was disturbed after seeing those scenes.

“I did not witness those actions. We are all committed to giving a loving and safe environment to all the animals in the film. “

Seguir

lasse hallstrom @HallstromLasse

I am very disturbed by the video released today from the set of my film A dog’s purpose.

“I was promised that a thorough investigation of this situation is being carried out and that any unlawful act will be denounced and punished,” he said.

Documents and Photos: on board the patrol boat ‘Atalaya’ at the Naval Military School of Marín

Last weekend, the Naval Military School held an open day to visit the P-74 patrol car “Atalaya”, visiting its docks on Friday and Saturday. There I was with my camera. I bring you the photos I made of this ship. And you may also check it here wikiprofessional.org.

Belonging to the Serviola Class and based in the Naval Station of La Graña, in Ferrol , the “Atalaya” was built in that same Galician city by the National Company Bazán. Launched on November 22, 1991, he was assigned on June 26, 1992. Currently this patrolman, like the rest of the Navy, is part of the Maritime Action Force and its main mission is the protection of national interests in spaces maritime sovereignty and national interest , with particular attention to the Territorial Sea and Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ). As told us the sailor who made us guide in the visit, usually operates in waters of the Bay of Biscay and off the Galician coast to the height of Portugal , although it is also destined from time to time south of the Peninsula.

It has a total length of 68.56 meters, 10.4 of mango and 7.08 of plot of track, displaces 1,106 tons and according to our guide, currently has a crew of 51 people. Its propulsion consists of two diesel engines MTU- Bazán 16 V956 TB 91 (precisely the sailor who attended us, very kindly, was machines), with a power of 7,500 horses, being able to reach a speed of 20 knots. At 12 knots it has an autonomy of 8,000 miles.

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The armament is formed by a tube Mk.22 of 76 mm (3 “/ 50) , of a aspect quite antiquated, to tell truth. It was planned that the patrolmen of this class would be equipped later with a rapid-fire piece, but someone in the Ministry of Defense should have forgotten to buy them … The sailor who attended us showed us one of the projectiles of the cannon.

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Just behind the barrel, and located under the bridge, there is an ammunition elevator that serves to feed the piece from the holy barbarian of the ship:

 

The ship also has two Browning M-2 12.7 mm machine guns , located one on each side of the bridge. On Saturday was only starboard:

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The armament is completed with a 7.62 mm Rheinmetall MG-3 machine gun , located next to thestarboard exit of the bridge, next to a projector. In the photo we see, in the background, the Island of Tambo, property of the Navy, with its small lighthouse .

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In addition to the above, the bridge had a small armory with a Spanish assault rifle Cetme C of 7.62 mm and two light machine guns FN Minimi of 5.56 mm . Being inside the ship was not possible to take photographs of them (it is not allowed to take pictures of the interiors of the ships of the Navy). As for means of transport, the “Atalaya” has two semi-rigid boats , located to port and starboard at the height of its chimney. Under these lines we see the starboard boat.

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The ship’s electronics consist of an ALCOR opto-directional shotgun, a Consilium Selesmar RTM 30 SIM surface / air radar, a Consilium Selesmar RTM 25 XIM navigation radar and a FLIR night vision camera. Under these lines we see the radar located on the port side (I do not know if it is the one of exploration or the navigation, I can not distinguish one from the other), in the upper deck.

 

On the upper deck is also painted the ship’s numeral, P-74 , for identification from the air.

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At the bow of the ship you can see the mechanisms of the two anchors that it carries, with chains of 50 meters, as told the sailor. To the right we see the position from which the anchors are handled.

 

In the bow the “Atalaya” has a small flight deck with capacity to operate medium or light helicopters, but without hangar to be able to do maintenance tasks.

 

The interior of the ship includes seafaring, non-commissioned officers and officers, commander’s cabin and a small hospital with six seats and a (small) room for first aid. The sailor told us that currently the crew includes a medical officer and three toilets, although the ship is not ready to carry out operations. I was especially struck by the fact that they keep a metopa with the sheath of the first projectile of 76 that fired the 76mm gun of the patrolman.

I do not want to finish these lines without thanking the excellent treatment and the hospitality that we received from the crew of the “Atalaya”. It is a tranquility that so good people are watching over the safety of our coasts and of the compatriots who go to sea.

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I leave you here with the complete series of 42 photos that I uploaded to my Flickr account . A curiosity: in some photos you will see that there were rowing boats near the Naval Military School. These are the competitors of the children’s series of the Second Flag of Bateles de Marin, which was celebrated that day. The kids had to deal with a choppy sea …

CAST IRON PRODUCTS: BENEFITS AND USE TIPS

Today I want to talk about a material that is the great ally in my kitchen and with which I feel completely calm when preparing my dishes: the cast iron.

And why I like to cook with iron so much? Very simple, it is a material that can be used on any heat source, whether gas, electric, ceramic, induction or even in the oven and directly on fire. So I am sure, that even if I change my current “vitro” by another system, I will be able to continue using my cocottes and pans without any problem.

Another great advantage is that iron is an excellent conductor of heat, so we will need less energy to cook and food will cook better. You do not believe me? I did not think so before using the iron in my kitchen, but two simple actions convinced me quickly to the contrary: fry potatoes and put water to boil.

In the case of potato chips in an enameled cast-iron pan, we obtain more crisp, more golden potatoes and, importantly, the optimal temperature of the frying oil is achieved in less time. In the case of boiling water, I have also noticed that water boils before. In addition, once we remove the cocotte or frying pan from the fire, the food stays warm for a long time, so if the components of our family have different schedules, it will not be necessary to reheat the food.

LEADER IN CAST IRON UTENSILS

As an indisputable expert in cast iron utensils, we have a company that since 1925 has been producing with a remarkable success a whole range of cast iron products, where, without a doubt, its star product is cocotte.

The whole manufacturing process is carried out at its factory in France, located in Fresnoy-Le-Grand, where technology and crafts come together and result in products of the highest quality and which, taken care of properly, will last for many years. If you want to see how cocottes and other utensils iron are made, you can visit this link:  http://www.gosureviews.com/top-2-cast-iron-skillet-handle-covers-to-protect-your-mitts/.

 

USE OF COCOTTE, FRYING PANS, IRONS AND GRILLS

As I said, the iron cocottes can be used on any heat source, although it is advisable to follow a series of tips for optimal results:

– You must warm them gradually, so do not put them directly cold on a fire at maximum power. On a scale of 1 to 9, I put my hob between 5 and 6 to start cooking.

– They are perfect for long cooking and slow cooking. I do not recommend using the maximum power to cook with them, since iron is an excellent conductor of heat and we run the risk of food sticking and, consequently, burning. For example, to cook vegetables or stews, I put my glass ceramic between 5 and 6.

– You can use them to cook in the oven, even using the lid. Cocottes with steel handle can be put in the oven at any temperature. Those of phenolytic mango (the typical one of black color), can not be put in the oven to more than 190º.

– To remove the food that you cook in your cocotte, always use utensils of wood or silicone, like this spatula or this one or this spoon .

We currently have a wide variety of cocottes that will suit our needs. We have them round in various sizes, low , high and oval , not forgetting the mythical cocotte Doufeu . So, little by little, we can be completing a good battery of cooking that will last in our family for years.

In addition, we can complete it with other products such as the saucepan or my favorite: the fondue , which we will surely talk about in a next entry.

In the case of iron pans, irons and grills , their use is different. I just explained that the cocottes are used for slow and long cooking and the pans, grills and grills on the contrary: for short cooking and high temperatures. At home I use both wood- fired pans and skillet .

 

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In the photo, skillet skillet (left) and skillet with wooden handle (right)

 

My experience has taught me the following:

– To warm them gradually: just like with the cocottes, I put them on the fire at medium temperature and then I rise until reaching the temperature that I desire. In case of grilling meat, I put my glass ceramic to the 7 and, in rare cases to the 8.

– For cooking on the grill, I use a few drops of olive oil to prevent the meat from sticking.

– The more you use a pan, griddle or grill, the less the food we cook on it will stick.

 

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– Iron pans are ideal for frying. When reaching high temperatures, the food becomes very crisp and golden. This is the only use in which I put the glass ceramic at level 9.

– The skillet can also be used in the oven. If you have induction with turbo function, never use it with your iron utensils. It is not necessary and we run a high risk of spoiling both the food and the enameling of our cast iron pans and pots.

 

CLEANING

Regarding the cleaning of cocottes and iron pans, consider the following:

– Wait for them to cool completely before cleaning. Abrupt changes in temperature can damage the enamel coating.

– Although they can be cleaned in the dishwasher, I discourage this method because the soaps are usually quite abrasive and can end up abrading the enamel layer. This will not repecurtirá in the use of our utensils, but it will make them less beautiful. In the case of wooden handle pans, never use a dishwasher or you will damage the handle.

– Never use nanas. Forbidden! It is best to use a sponge with a little soap. In case there are food leftovers resist, leave the cocottes to soak for a few minutes with warm water. You’ll see how clean it is. In case you need to “scratch”, always do it with a soft sponge (of the blues, that do not grate). But avoid it as much as possible.

– To clean pans, plates and skillet there is an infallible method in case there are traces left after cooking with them: I put a finger of warm water inside the pan, wait 5 minutes and then clean them with a sponge and a Drop of soap They are impeccable and do not need to scratch with any scouring pad.

– In case you have been unlucky that the food has burned and is very stuck to the cocotte, I recommend that you fill it with water to half, you take a little soap and the hot on medium-low fire. You will see how what has remained “charred” is going away and you can recover the cocotte without problems.

– Finally, once cleaned, I dry my cocottes and pans with a cotton cloth and keep them until their next use.

If you follow these simple tips, you will keep your iron utensils stuck for many years without problems. What’s more,  gives us a lifetime warranty on all its range of cast iron, so we will have cocottes and pans always ready to cook and we will have the total tranquility that our investment has been worth.

 

RECIPES

If you just bought a product , in the blog we give you many ideas to use your cocottes, pans, irons, grills and skillets.

You will see, as you see, that food tastes better using iron. At first I was skeptical with this information … but after more than 3 years cooking with iron, I can assure you that it is true. Do the test and tell me.

Here are some recipes to inspire you in your kitchen:

– The winter cocotte

– Clams stew with broccoli

– Round of stewed chicken in cocotte

– Suquet of monkfish with shrimp, mussels and hazelnut allioli bread

– Cantonese chicken

And I, in my blog Pimientos Verdes I also have a good collection of recipes cooked with iron, do not forget to visit it.

 

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In the photo, Picantones to the Catalan  and Risotto of pear, walnuts and gorgonzola . 

 

I hope that all these tips help you to use and keep for a long time your iron utensils cast and those who are thinking of acquiring a cocotte or frying pan for the first time, I encourage you to do so. Do not put the price behind you: it is an investment for a lifetime and you will love to use them.

If you have any doubts, you can leave it in the comments of this post. We will gladly help you in everything you need.

Lawyer: Longueira fishery law unusually favors industrialists

Marcelo Drago said that the current head of Economy reversed policies arranged by his predecessor, Juan Andres Fontaine.

The industry is allocated quotas “perpetually,” he said.

The lawyer Marcelo Drago accused the project of the new Fisheries Act which the Government sent to Congress benefits from “unusual” to large industrial, fashion and said that if it is approvedleave in the hands of large fishing 95 percent The resources of species such as horse mackerel, hake, common hake and others.

According to Drago, the former Minister of Economy, “(Juan Andres) Fontaine had apparently contemplated including quotas that were going to be tendered very important, and that was set aside, went completely back with Longueira and favored the big industrialists and The large groups that already had the fishing quotas. ”

In addition, ” there was apparently a promise to recognize these rights and perpetually, that is, an unusual thing, which is unparalleled in the Chilean legal system , and I think internationally”, either.

 

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The artisanal sectors affirm that the initiative can lead them “to disappear”. (Photo: UPI)

Faced with this issue, the director of the NGO Oceana, Alex Muñoz , said that during the last decades the industry has acted too freely, which has affected the sustainability of marine resources. However, he considered that in the new law the Government has committed to limit trawling.

“We have proposed a major limitation to trawling in vulnerable ecosystems, especially by closing down the seamounts in Chile, which are 118, and are sectors full of marine life that are unfortunately being destroyed by trawling, Especially in the Juan Fernández sector. Fortunately, the Government has welcomed these two points, “Muñoz said.

As “have been incorporated in the approaches of the Government that has sent to the Congress, we hope that by the end of the year we will have a system of scientific fishing quotas, and also this restriction to trawling,” said the director of Oceana .

Fear of artisans The law in question motivated during the past day protests of artisanal fishermen in both Constitution , Region of Maule, and in Aysén .

Honorino Angulo , executive director of the National Commission for the Defense of Artisanal Fisheries Patrimony, leader of Aysén and one of those who was on the list of the defendants by the State Interior Security Law, said that the sector throughout the country remains in Alert and mobilizations could be repeated soon.

With the new law “we would be disappearing from the map , as they say, because there are fisheries that we were requesting and today it happened to 100 percent for industrialists and they left us no opportunity to request it.”

“The first thing the government has to do is get the law out of Congress so that it can work region by region , each region has its indications, its difficulties and its fisheries and its geographical problems,” he said.

“It can not be a national law, it has to be a regional law, made by each region, because we have many things in which the law does not favor us, on the contrary, it harms us,” he explained. Read more about the best baitcaster under 100.

What is a Digital Cinema Package (DCP)?

History of Digital Cinema in Cinema Rooms.

In relation to the analog cinema, the digital cinema is something recent, specifically near the year 2000 began to see the first digital projectors, which had a resolution of 1280 × 1024 pixels and at that time did not exist as such the format DCP. It used a server where the movie was stored, which came in several DVD-ROMs. In the US the first digital projection was “Star Wars Episode I” in just two rooms as an experiment to see if the public accepted the new format, which was so. In Spain the film “Fantasy 2000” inaugurated the first digital projections.

Between 2001 and 2005, the year in which the first DCP officially appears and the DCI consortium is formed, there are innovations in the systems of projection, storage, management, etc … defining the format to be used around the world.

In Spain it would still take time to start, not being until 2005 when the first digital rooms begin to emerge timidly. We are always talking about 2D projections, the 3D would be later, and would be the great driver of the digitalization of the rooms.

In 2007 in Spain the first digital stereoscopic projection was made, which was Beowulf. The tremendous success made other exhibitors decide to bet on digital technology and above all because of the attractiveness of 3D, and began digitizing the rooms at a really incredible rate.

We are currently on the upward curve and until at least 2013 will not be covered (in the US) 50% of digital rooms of the total. The tendency is then to go down because the main exhibit chains will be the ones that make the change faster, whereas the small cinemas will still take time to digitize, due to the costs of the process, which will decrease in time.

What is PDD? Parents of the DCP.

The DCP, which stands for “Digital Cinema Package” is, to understand, a digital version of a 35mm film.

The advantages of this format are many. The first is the physical size. Being a digital medium, a DCP fits on a hard drive and is easily transportable. A small 16GB pendrive can hold a short film, trailers, spots … nothing to do with heavy, delicate and cumbersome reels …

Then there would be the price. The whole process is digital, and eliminates many costs and problems associated with “transfer” to 35mm. Which does not mean that it is simpler, obviously. And of course there are new problems to deal with.

But, who is behind this format? There are two key agencies in this whole business. On one side is DCI , which stands for Digital Cinema Initiatives . Founded in 2002 with support from Disney, Fox, Paramount, Sony Pictures, Universal and Warner. That is, practically all the great ones. They came together to create specifications that were open to everyone so that everyone could agree. These standards were called DCI and all digital servers would have to meet them so that the contents could be reproduced without problems. DCP This format is also called ” Interop ” and was officially born in 2005.

On the other hand, it is the SMPTE (Society of Motion Picture and Television Engineers), which extends the DCI standard, although all must be compatible projectors DCI, conduct die besten Beamer im Test thesome already support the new formats that support SMPTE

In fact, the format SMPTE will be the one that is used mainly, because it has support of 25 and 30 frames per second. Remember that from the beginning, the film has ALWAYS gone to 24 images per second, something that will change radically soon, when the Hobbit is released at 48 FPS, and later Avatar 2 at 60 FPS. These two new frequencies are called box HFR (high frame rate).

DCP playback formats (video and audio).

In what is image, we have three formats both 2K and 4K, called ” Flat “, ” Full ” and ” Scope “. Each of them have slightly different resolutions.

Flat ” is the most similar to FullHD, having a resolution of 1998 x 1080 pixels, and correspond to 1: 85: 1 35mm

Full ” is the highest resolution format, 2048 × 1080. It is a little wider than “Flat”. It does not have an extended use.

Scope ” It is the widescreen, 2048 × 858 pixels are and correspond to 2:35 35mm, although it is still narrower 2:39

The resolutions in the case of 4K are simply DOUBLE than those of 2K.

On the audio, it must be said that it has the highest possible quality. It goes to 48Khz and 24bit without any compression. The mix can be either 5.1 or 7.1 although the system is set up for 23.1 channels.

The DCP inside.
Although it really is a conglomerate of letters and numbers that seems to not give too much information, the truth is that behind this mishmash of information lies the information:

The two files with the extension “MXF” are the ones the projector will use to play the DCP. One contains the image and another contains the sound. The rest of the files are information about the DCP that the server needs to be able to reproduce them, in addition to saying who has made the DCP, etc.

Comparatively it is like a video file any of your computer, only that it serves only and exclusively to be reproduced in servers of digital cinema.

A DCP occupies a ratio of about 1 Gigabyte per Minute. Thus, a 90 Minutes movie will occupy approximately 100GBs. Since the compression system, based on JPEG2000 and XYZ color coding at 12 bits per component is extremely efficient, the visual result is identical to the original master.

There are two types of DCP currently, both supported: INTEROP and SMPTE .

Interop is the older format and is the most consistent of the two, as all servers must stand DCI.

SMPTE is the most modern format, which will gradually settling on all servers.

The differences between the two are the subtitling system, incompatible with each other but improved in the case of SMPTE, and in the case of SMPTE is extended to 25FPS and 30FPS playback options in addition to HFR modes. This makes it necessary to avoid touching the audio (which we will see below) to be able to go to 24FPS.

Currently, ALL commercial films come in Interop at 24FPS.

A DCP can be copied and viewed on any movie server. This is good for a trailer, ads, promos or viewing of controlled material. However when it comes to something more sensitive like a movie, you need something more.

This is where KDMs, short for “Key Delivery Message” or more commonly, the protection and control system of DCPs.

KDMs use a triple control system:

The first one applies when creating the JPEG2000 files, as we have seen before. This prevents unauthorized persons from playing the DCP on a device that is not suitable. It is possible to clone or copy it, but I could not reproduce it, because I do not have the KDM that allows me to.

The second of these is the playback control by time. This means that the DCP can only be reproduced for a certain time, as a “rental” method. Once the time has passed, the movie can not be played back until a new KDM is requested.

The third of them limits the server where it can be played. For example, the owner of cinemas can rent a copy of a movie, and thanks to the picaresque, could have the idea of ​​copying the movie in two rooms to get more profitability. Well, the serial number protection of the server makes it not playable. Thus, KDMs offer triple protection and serve as a control mechanism.

One of the peculiarities of KDM is that they NEVER come with the movie disc. The delivery path is ALWAYS different, and is usually by email or on a pendrive we receive separately.

Said KDM gets into the server through a pendrive, which causes the movie to be unlocked and allowed to play.

Storage Systems

DCPs typically come in two different types of storage, which are targeted at different types of durations.

The ads, the trailers and the shorts less than 10 minutes of duration, usually come in Pendrives, because they occupy little space.

On the other hand, short films that last 10 minutes, documentaries, movies … usually come in hard disks, which can be 2.5 “self-feeding, or 3.5 with its protective housing.

The action of copying the contents of the pendrive or hard disk is called “Ingestar”, which is nothing more than an automatic file copy that occurs as soon as the device is inserted through the USB port of the server. There is not much more to do in that regard.

DCI Servers (brands, features).

The DCI servers are responsible for managing the DCPs, creating playlists, and of course, sending the information to the projector. Practically all have a similar operation, allowing to ingest DCPs via USB and eSATA. They are mostly based on Linux, although some of them run under Windows.

There are mainly four brands of servers, each with its own graphical interface, but all of them compatible with the DCI standard, which are, Qube, Doremi, Dolby and GDC.

Recently, the RED company has announced its own server, called RedRay, that in addition to being able to accept DCP, uses its own format, which they say the bitrate lowers still maintaining the original quality. It promises to give a good blow to an industry where prices are not exactly economic.

2D and 3D projection.

And we come to the end, to what is the projection itself. Both the server that manages the data and the projector, they are usually of different brands, but they have to “speak” the same language, because if the server says “open shovel”, the projector should understand it and “open shovel”.

In the 2D projection there is not much to tell, because it is a projection similar to that of a 35 mm projector, only being digital, it is more perfect, sharper, without the usual problems that happen in 35mm.

Things change when it’s in 3D. For starters, the screen usually has a special material that reflects the light, because when you put the glasses the lightness low enough and although the lamps used in projection are powerful, it shows. That is why the lamp should be set to double the power to compensate for that lack of light.

Unfortunately, in many cases this is not done, either done but the room is too large for light power, giving a negative experience.

Then, depending on the cases, the projector uses a polarizing wheel that directs light from each frame to the corresponding eye, alternating and synchronizing everything so that we do not notice anything at all.

In the case of active systems, the glasses are synchronized with the electronic shutter of the projector, causing the image of each eye to be adjusted, covering the opposite eye, but they are also more expensive and therefore, its implementation is much smaller.

Future

The next step in digital evolution has two ramifications. On the one hand, producing more and more content in 4K, thus obtaining an even sharper image.

On the other hand, the increase in frame rate. Since the beginning, the rate of 24FPS has been maintained, but when digital cinema enters, these limitations no longer exist, and movies can be seen at 48FPS and up to 60FPS

At the projection level, LASER projectors are already being developed and announced, in which the lack of light is not a problem because the concentration of the same exceeds any Xenon lamp. Likewise, the projected image far exceeds current projections, it is practically almost like seeing reality, given the latitude of the projected image.

In addition, because LASER light is already polarized, it is not necessary to polarize it using filters that remove light intensity, so that when viewing the projections with passive (polarized) glasses, they will be seen with the same intensity as without glasses, in addition Not to color the images.

10 beauty tips worth copying from the Japanese

We discover the new beauty trends that cause fury in Tokyo, the city of the future.

A couple of months traveled to Tokyo, Shiseido’s hand, and I could see in situ do what he had heard many times: that the Japanese skin is very white, clean and bright . It is true that in their favor are allied factors such as genetics (have a higher rate of collagen in the skin), wet climate in which they live or food, low in fat and high in protein. They also gesticulate less than we do. But if one day you go to one of the fascinating Japanese perfumeries, you will notice that the real secret of the Japanese woman is her passion for cosmetics (average invests 136 euros per year, the highest per capita spending worldwide).

From Asia I brought these ten findings (some with zero cost):

1. Use balancing instead of tonic

The Japanese begin their cleaning ritual with a make-up milk or a formula with oils to remove the remains of makeup (lipstick, pilaten mask, base, etc.). Then wipe the face with soap or cleansing foam. Our third step would be to apply a toner. They, on the other hand, extend a balancing lotion, a wonderful dense texture, which they consider the first step of the treatment. It makes the treatment that is applied after it penetrates in depth. If you have time, you may also apply a oshibori , or hot washcloth over the face, also to encourage better absorption of the cream back.

2. The stains do have a solution

The ideal skin of Japanese women, as old as they are, is white, pure and clear. Asian skin has a great tendency to be stained by an alteration of melanin. In Isetan, the most important shopping center in Tokyo, no matter how hard you try, you will not find sunspots. In contrast, bleaching products can be counted by hundreds. The sun that they shun by means of SPF 50 protector every-day-of-the-year or even with parasols, to the Westerners we “cost” irregular tone and wrinkles. Shiseido , Japan ‘s No. 1 cosmetics company, invented in 1917 the first illuminator market – based hydrogen peroxide. They know what they are talking about. Their new product is despigmentante Intensive Anti Spot Serum and it really works.

3. Recharge your energy in a power spot

Tokyo has thirteen million inhabitants. By 2025, in Asia there will be more than 220 cities with more than one million people. Influential Japanese blogger Sayuri Lovelock told me that “Japanese young people in big cities need to live more experiences to feel happy and fight against urban stress.” The new trend is to go after work or over the weekend to what they consider energy points. Running around the Imperial Palace or visiting the Kiyomasa spring at the Meiji Temple, makes them feel good, recharge their batteries, and that translates into outward beauty. You should go more often to the Retreat or Temple of Debod!

4. They take the 3D eyes

The incredible makeup members Miji , the group of K-Pop (Korean pop that has become a global phenomenon), inspires us. ” The Asians are experts in enlarged eyes. In Japan, passed the fashion of false eyelashes, now it is cool to apply iris illuminator around the eyes. There are also transparent adhesives to give the feeling of bags under the eyes of Westerners. And there are even lenses for the iris look bigger, as in manga comics , “says Kurara Takashima, another influential blogger. Conclusion: The smoking of parades like Lanvin shows that the smoky anti-mask goes around the world.

5. Are you between 25 and 35 years old? Ibuki is your treatment

This find I want to tell you about my trip to Asia is, perhaps, the most important. Shiseido has launched Ibuki , a super effective line with a proven technology with a prize IFSC , considered the Nobel of cosmetics. Its seven products strengthen the skin against the effects of the sun, dryness, pollution and daily stress. How? Making the stratum corneum of the skin have an optimal cellular functioning. From the first day the granites, the pores, the rednesses and the luminosity of the skin improve. Keep this fact: 96 percent of women who have tested it claim to have better skin than ever before.

Line Ibuki consists of seven products: 2 cleansing foams (as have the normal or prone to fat, skin € 37.50); balanced concentrated Softening Concentrate (much more than a tonic, 29 €); Eye Contour Eye Correcting Cream (49,50 €), 2 moisturizing lotions multifunction ( Refining Moisturizer and Refining Moisturizer Enriched , 56 € each) and sunscreen Protective Moisturizer SPF 15 (56 €). Available at El Corte Inglés and perfumeries.

6. Take a Green Smoothie every morning

The organic food in Japan is furthest up. If you go to Tokyo it is worth going to the restaurant Roppongi. In this vegetarian I wrote down the recipe given me by Yuichi Nukada, a very cool Japanese, about the green juice that is prepared every morning: in a blender add half a bunch of green spinach, a little parsley, a banana, a green kiwi and a Apple or orange. Ideally, all fruits and vegetables are organic. Then add 350 ml of water. You will have a powerful extra antioxidant.

7. Mask in the bathtub

The Japanese work 10 to 12 hours a day. Yet 88 percent of them spend twenty to thirty minutes on their beauty care every night. Among its favorite products are the masks that provide an extra nutrition to the skin. You find them in cream, although the most common are the ones that are impregnated with product. They exist for the whole face, but also for the time contour area or the nasogenian groove. The current trend is to apply it while preparing a foam bath. In the bathtub they let her act and remove her. On the other hand, carbonic acid masks having an effervescent effect cause furor.

8. The digital permanent

Through the streets of Omotesando, the upscale shopping district, you stroll through spectacular Japanese. I was especially struck by the natural, elastic and defined waves of some of them. Then I learned that in Tokyo, the city where everything happens before, there is the digital permanent, which is done in hairdressers. It consists of creating open waves from a machine capable of charging rollers with electricity. These are applied on hair previously impregnated in product, from means to tips. The process takes two and a half hours, the result lasts two to three months and costs around 60 euros. Other technological beauty gagdets that are best sellers: electric facial brushes and massagers.

9 Drink collagen and you will be a Bimajo

Japanese women aged 35 and older who appear less aged for their “magical” care, are called Bimajo (name that comes from “beautiful witch”). Margaret Desgaines, an American working at Shiseido, reveals me one of his secrets: ” It is very fashionable drink collagen, a natural substance in the body decreases with age. In addition, it is very much in line with the Japanese philosophy that beauty comes from within “. Collagen bottles do not alter the taste of food or beverages, making them very easy to consume. It is recommended to ingest six grams per day. The Collagen Collagen Powder Active High Beauty , Shiseido, contains 5,000 mg of molecular fish collagen. It also includes yuzu seed, hyaluronic acid, vitamin C and ceramides. Currently there is sold in Spain, but a matter of time …

10. Check your questions online

Japan is undoubtedly the country of new technologies. There they are back, digitally speaking. An example? Cosme , an online beauty shop, whose success was such that it has opened shop in Tokyo. From online to offline, and not the other way around as it is currently happening in Europe. Moreover, on the web you can find such interesting services like Watashi + of Shiseido . Not only offers a virtual skin analysis (also available on our websites), you also have fun applications like a makeup simulator or a live chat with a virtual advisor you see and that responds in real time all your doubts.

How to Start a Small Pressure Washer Business

Starting a small pressure washing business can be achieved with minimal investment in equipment and training, but the job requires physical and business skills. Running the pressure washer itself takes only a few minutes, but the skill required to safely and efficiently clean different surfaces can only be had through experience or professional training. In many states, you get a contractor license and demonstrate your educational experience and claims. Acquire training by working for a pressure wash company or by taking certification courses in continuing education or trade schools.

Create a plan for your pressure washer business. The plan does not have to look professional, but it should detail all aspects of your business of pressure washing. Includes equipment and utility lists, types of customers, pricing, startup and operation, and anticipated capital expenditures. Visit the website of the “US Small Business Administration” for business plan and free information for start-up.

Apply for a local business permit at the county clerk’s office, as well as state tax registration and hiring license at your state department’s revenue offices and business regulations if applicable.

Get corporate liability insurance. You will work on the property of the client and will be responsible for damages if accidents occur.

Purchase an appropriate vehicle, supplies and pressure washer equipment or use your own. A pressure washer and supplies equipment varies according to the Vancouver WA services it offers and can be found at hardware stores or house cleaning supplies. Whenever possible purchase locally to develop business relationships that can lead to customer referrals.

Purchase business cards, flyers, brochures, vehicles and portable signs from your local printing and sample manufacturer. These notices are distributed to potential customers and increase your visibility while working and driving around the city.

Tips

  • Consider specializing in a customer area at the beginning and branch out as your business grows. Areas of specialty include truck washing, commercial buildings, residences, shops, marinas, heavy machinery cleaning and others.
  • Be proactive with your marketing and advertising program, and keeps track of what works and what does not work for future reference. There will be times when you will have more work than you can handle and other times there will be no work at all. Consistent advertising and marketing programs eventually lead your business to acceptable levels of regular work.

Warnings

  • Do not do pressure washing if you are not familiar with them. Pressure washers can permanently damage some materials if used improperly, and you will be responsible.
  • You should understand how to use all pressure washers and chemicals, and protective clothing at all times.Pressure washers and some chemicals can cause injury and illness if used improperly.

Application of the “Anti-Tobacco Law” in the workplace

With the recent approval of Law 42/2010 ( Law Antitabaco ) of 30 December which entered into force took place on  January 2, 2011 , several controversial changes introduced by it, which affect the scope of the workplace .

General and restricted ban on smoking in the workplace

First, in accordance with Article 7 a) of the Act prohibited smoking at public or private workplaces, except in outdoor spaces and head shops onlineWell, the first question that arises is what is meant by “space outdoors “in the context of the workplace, as this concept is only established referred to the field of hospitality, which is defined as ” any space uncovered or any space to be covered is surrounded laterally by a maximum of two walls , walls or walls. ” Consequently the first loophole in the law focuses on determining what is an” open space “in the field of workplace.

Notwithstanding the foregoing, in accordance with Article 7 s) of the Act left openthe possibility that the owner of a workplace smoking ban even in existing outdoor areas .

With the new law banning smoking in the workplace is full and restricted is not possible to ease its implementation by collective agreement.

Obligation to mark in the workplace smoking ban

In addition, the holder of a workplace has a duty to warn the entrance of the smoking ban , having signaled clearly and accurately through posters written in Castilian or in any of the official languages ​​existing in the respective Autonomous Community where the workplace in question is located.

Responsible, offenses and sanctions

On the persons responsible for committing violations, they may be both physical and legal . Generally will be responsible for payment of the fines the person who smoke in places where it is forbidden , except in some cases in which will also be responsible the owner of the establishment where it is produced .

Thus the holder of a workplace would be sanctioned with the following amounts:

 

Possible measures to be taken by companies

In view of the above, it is recommended, among others, the company adopted a series of measures that, given time, allow test the diligent performance of the company in compliance with the Act , such as:






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